Peripheral Vascular Disease

Our PVD Team

The West Tennessee Heart & Vascular Center team that treats Peripheral Vascular Disease includes interventional cardiologists, vascular surgeons, and interventional radiologists. The team works together to diagnose and treat PVD with cutting edge procedures. When appropriate, we use the latest minimally invasive technology to treat the disease. Call 541-CARE if you think you may have symptoms of PVD.

Understand Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD)

1 in 20 Americans over 50 have PVD — that’s 10 million people in the U.S.

Atgerisclerosis is build of plaque that leads to Peripheral Vascular Disease

Peripheral vascular disease (PVD), often referred to as peripheral artery disease (PAD), is a condition in which the blood vessels in the lower extremities, such as feet, legs and thighs, narrow and restrict blood flow. Peripheral Vascular Disease is usually the result of atherosclerosis, the buildup of plaque in blood vessels.

Without proper treatment, Peripheral Vascular Disease can cause blood clots that block off small blood vessels and cause open sores on the lower legs. In extreme cases, amputation is necessary. Peripheral Vascular Disease also signals a high risk for stroke and heart attack. Learn about stroke symptoms and heart attack symptoms

The Most Common Causes for PVD

  • Advanced Age
  • Diabetes
  • Obesity
  • Poor Diet
  • Lack of exercise
  • Family history of high cholesterol, high blood pressure or stroke
  • Smoking

Symptoms may be felt in the lower limb muscles, including those in the feet, calves, thighs, or buttocks, and usually decreases after the activity is stopped and the muscles rest.

Complications of PVD

  • Amputation
  • Blood clots that block off small arteries
  • Open sores on the lower legs (Ischemic ulcers)

Diagnostic Tests to Determine if You have Peripheral Vascular Disease

Ankle Brachial Index (ABI) Measurement – Measuring the blood pressure in your leg

Duplex Ultrasound – Using an ultrasound to trace the speed of blood flow

CT Angiography (CTA) – Non-invasive way of using CT imaging to visualize blood vessels

Magnetic Resonance Angiogram (MRA) – MRI technology that can be used to image blood vessels

Contrast Angiography – Inserting a catheter and dye then filming an x-ray move of the blood vessels

Balloon Angioplasty breaks through plaque using a catheter and balloon to widen the arteryTreatments for Peripheral Vascular Disease

Lifestyle changes – Low fat diet, a program of regular exercise and giving up smoking.

Medications – Medications that lower cholesterol or control high blood pressure.

Angioplasty or Stenting – Inflation of a balloon-like catheter inside the blood vessel and placement of a stent (a wire mesh tube) to keep it open.

Bypass grafting –Attachment of a vein from another part of the body or a synthetic blood vessel above and below the blocked area to make a detour for blood.

Thrombolytic therapy – Injection of a clot-dissolving drug, which is delivered to the site of the blockage to break up the blood clots.

Peripheral Laser Atherectomy – Use of a catheter to emit high-energy light (a laser) to vaporize the blockage.

Atherectomy – Use of a catheter with a sharp blade at the tip to scrape away the plaque. Angioplasty or stenting may be used afterwards to keep the blood vessel open.

Learn more about vascular disease from the Vascular Disease Foundation

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